BJJ Belt System for Adults

BJJ Belt System For Adults

As you enter the world of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, you will notice that other students around the gym wear certain belts colours. In this article, we will discuss the adult’s BJJ belt system, which is quite simple


As an adult, when you first start Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, you will be given a white belt. All those students you see with white belts are beginners in this martial art. Depending on how often you train and how well you progress, you can move onto the next belt colour within 2 years or less – that would be the average, but again it all depends on many things. You need to understand the basics of certain positions, including:

  • Common Guards – Closed guard, open guard, half guard, butterfly guard etc.
  • Common submissions – armbar, Americana, rear naked chokes, triangle chokes etc.
  • knee passing
  • basic sweeps
  • common takedowns
  • more


After you have completed your white belt journey, the next colour is blue. You continue learning the structure and techniques behind submissions, takedowns, sweeps and more. You will be heading towards learning how to set up your game plan, how to escape submissions and more.

The average time it takes to obtain a purple belt is approximately 2-3 years depending on class attendance and sparring frequency.



After blue, the next belt in the BJJ belt system is purple. Students with this belt colour move more smoothly and efficiently. Sharper than the blue belt with the tightness of techniques and recognizes instantly when a submission is there for the taking.

They will have a more advanced game plan, from setting up positions and moving towards their desired submission (or lock).


A highly advanced student who has a purple belt will later progress to brown belt.. Progressing from a beginner white belt through to a brown belt typically requires at least five years of dedicated training It is well established that brown belts are aware of every technique in the BJJ arsenal.  Brown belts are in general beyond the experimental phase characteristic for purple belts.


The highest belt so far in the BJJ belt system – black. You may have noticed most Brazilian Jiu Jitsu instructors will wear them. They will often be called professors. No one can be a black belt in jiu jitsu before 19 years of age. You can only be promoted to black belt by a black belt professor with a minimum of 2 degrees. The BJJ black belt denotes an expert level of technical and practical grappling skills. In addition, those who earn BJJ black belts typically become instructors.


Also known as a coral belt, the red and black belt in the BJJ belt system is for a seventh-degree black belt. According the IBJJF students remain at this rank for a minimum of seven years before moving up in rank. Coral belts are reserved for extremely skilled and experienced practitioners of the art, most of whom have made a large impact on the art of BJJ.


The Red Belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu represents a Grand Master who reached the 9th or 10th degree in BJJ. It takes years and years to achieve it. In order to be a red belt in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you will need to be a black belt for at least 48 years (although there is a registered 36 year old to have received it).

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a beautiful journey and although you should enjoy the training, the fantastic people at the gym and amazing martial arts techniques, the belts ranking is pretty awesome 🙂

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