For any person who does not train martial arts may believe that Judo and Jiu-Jitsu are the same thing. In fact, every time you mention you do either Judo or Jiu-jitsu they will start confusing it with karate or kung fu! The stories like that are endless, but now we will show the difference between those two.
In 19th century a young man called Kano Jigoro Shihan practiced Jiu Jitsu in Japan. He was a highly skilled in his training, and later on he decided to filter and condense the techniques he learned from jiu-jitsu and create his own style of jiu-jitsu. He called it “Kano Jujitsu”
In his new style, he focused more on throws, trips and joint locks. Additionally, he would enhance some of the techniques to be more technical and safer. The idea was that anyone of any size, even smaller practitioners like Jigoro was himself, could apply those techniques and throws with less force. The sport later became to be known as “Judo” which means “gentle way”. From there his style’s philosophy diverged from the more violent jujitsu to be more of a sport, something anyone could practice safely
As many people and websites would describe: judo is a sport developed from jujitsu that emphasizes the use of quick movement and leverage to throw an opponent.
In May 1882, when Kano was just 21 years old, he took the best things about each jujitsu style and created a single new school. This was officially the birth year of Judo.
As you know now, Jiu-Jitsu is the father of Judo. Now, don’t confuse Jiu-jitsu with Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, as the second one was invented later.
Just like judo, jiu-jitsu originated in Japan. It was invented for use on the field of battle by Japanese samurai. These warriors used jiu-jitsu as the last resort of defense, to defeat the enemy on foot.
As you may have guessed, the heavy armor worn by soldiers can block punches and will just be ineffective. However chokes, joint locks, and throws were possible to achieve.
The main focus of jiu jitsu is to take the opponent down and immobilise his joints.
As the art of jiu-jitsu grew in popularity, so did judo. About 30 years after judo was invented, one of Kano’s students names Mitsuyo Maeda, travelled to Brazil, where he met Brazilian business man Gastao Gracie. He taught two of his sons, Carols and Helio Gracie the Japanese martial art. As the 2 sons got older, they began teaching and modifying some of the techniques. They wanted to test out their new techniques, so they even opened a challenge, called the Gracie challenge where you can go over to their gym and test your skills with theirs.
It was known as Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and because it spread though Brazil it became known then as Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.